This pilot project was designed to address the needs of people with diabetes and their families and to develop home care models. Four First Nations and Inuit communities hosted the program. Each represented different geographical and cultural settings, from the semi-remote to semi-urban. Each community identified gaps in three areas: diabetes education services, adequate coordination of services; and care and treatment. In response to these issues, each community developed unique models of home care diabetes services. Researchers found that the education and training of front-line staff was one of the first and most critical steps in creating community-based diabetes services. Although it is too early to assess the project’s impact on rates of diabetes complications, a trend in reduced hemoglobin A1c results was noted, which can reduce the risk of diabetes complications.
This project was supported by the Health Transition Fund, which was created in 1997 to provide support for evidence-based decision-making in health care reform by supporting pilot and evaluation projects which test innovative approaches to health care delivery. The views expressed herein do no necessarily represent the official policy of federal, provincial, or territorial governments.